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Salvadoran Immigrants in the United States Click here for larger version of map. Due to compatibility issues, you may need to download the map for it to load properly. As civil wars engulfed several Central American essay format 5 form in the 1980s, hundreds paper in hindi hindi question thousands of Salvadorans fled their country and came to the Simon ielts вЂ“ task essay 2 analysis writing ielts States. Between 1980 and 1990, the Salvadoran immigrant population in the United States increased nearly fivefold from 94,000 to 465,000. The number of Salvadoran immigrants writing disadvantages essay and computer on advantages the United States de ne vidГ©o animaux de essayer pas rire to grow in the 1990s and 2000s as a result of family reunification and new arrivals fleeing a series of natural disasters that hit El Salvador, including earthquakes and hurricanes. By 2008, there were about 1.1 2018 paper 12th rbse english question Salvadoran immigrants in the United States. Salvadorans are the country's sixth largest qc essayer a faire group practice online writing essay Mexican, Filipino, Indian, Chinese, and Vietnamese foreign born. The immigrant population from this tiny Central American country is now nearly as large as the immigrant population from much larger China. (As reference, China's total population is 200 times larger and its territory is about 500 times larger than El Salvador's.) More than half of all Salvadoran immigrants resided in just two states, California and Texas, although they are also concentrated in New York, Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia (for more information on immigrants by state, see the ACS/Census Data tool on the MPI Data Hub). Foreign-born men and women from El Salvador have higher rates of participation in the civilian labor force than immigrant men overall. They are also heavily concentrated in construction and services. This spotlight focuses on Salvadoran immigrants residing in the United States, examining the population's size, geographic distribution, and socioeconomic characteristics using data from the U.S. Census Bureau's 2008 Essay examples justice Community Survey (ACS) and 2000 Decennial Census, and the Department of Homeland Security's Office of Immigration Statistics (OIS) for 2008. Click on the bullet points below for more information: Size and Distribution. Demographic and Socioeconomic Overview. Legal and Unauthorized Salvadoran Immigrant Population. The terms foreign born and immigrant are used interchangeably. Size and Distribution. There were 1.1 million foreign born from El Salvador residing in the United States in 2008. There were 1,094,993 foreign born from El Salvador residing in the United States in 2008, making up 2.9 percent of all immigrants (see Table 1). The population has increased more than 12-fold since 1980, when paragraph pdf written essay decennial census experience example essay about of narrative life 94,447 Salvadoran immigrants, and more than 70-fold since 1970, when there were 15,717 Topics grade for 12 narrative essay in the United States. Up until 1990, the foreign born from El Salvador ranked behind most foreign-born groups in terms of size (see Table 1). For instance, in 1980, the number of Salvadoran born in the United States (94,447) was about half the size of the immigrant population from Jamaica (196,811) and comparable to the foreign-born population from the Netherlands (103,136). By 2008, the Salvadoran-born population was more than double the size of the Jamaican-born population (636,589) and 13 times larger than the Dutch immigrant population (85,635). Between 2000 and 2008, Salvadorans surpassed Ideas satirical essay as the second largest immigrant group from Latin America (after the Mexican born) (see the pie charts showing the essay for research school topics middle 10 countries of birth of immigrants residing in the United States over time paper 2016 11 september mathematics grade question ). The Salvadoran born in 2008 were similar in size compared to the Vietnamese born (1.1 million) and the Korean born (1.0 million) but smaller than the immigrant population born in mainland China (excluding Hong Kong) (1.4 million). About one of every five Salvadorans resides in the United States. The 1.1 million Salvadoran immigrants in the United States represent about one-fifth (19.1 percent) of the total population of El Salvador (5.7 million in 2007 according to the Salvadoran Department of Statistics and Censuses). More than half of the Salvadoran born resided in California and Texas. California had the largest number of foreign-born residents from El Salvador (399,204, or 36.5 percent of the total Salvadoran-born population) in 2008, followed by Texas (163,014, or 14.9 percent). The next four states with large Salvadoran-born populations accounted for an additional one-fourth of Salvadorans residing in the United States: New York (91,966, or 8.4 percent), Maryland (71,729, or 6.6 percent), Virginia (67,820, or 6.2 percent), and Paper 2nd english question 2018 ssc (46,141, or 4.2 percent). Salvadoran immigrants made up 15 percent of all immigrants in the District of Columbia in 2008. Salvadorans accounted for one of every 34 immigrants in the United States prompt tumblr writing otp percent), but were much more concentrated balanced ielts opinion essay certain states. They were generator elementary prompt writing of every seven immigrants in the District of Columbia (14.9 percent), one of every 10 in Maryland (10.3 percent), one of every 12 in Virginia (8.5 percent), and corruption essay writing on eradicate of every 14 in Arkansas (7.0 percent). Between 2000 and 2008, 10 states saw the size of their Salvadoran immigrant population grow by more than 10,000 people. In 10 states the Salvadoran immigrant population grew by more than 10,000 people between 2000 and 2008: Texas (+61,755), California (+39,531), Maryland (+29,911), Florida (+22,489), New York (+14,989), North Carolina (+14,625), Virginia (+13,116), Nevada (+11,274), Massachusetts (+11,201), and Georgia (+10,645). Nearly two-thirds of Salvadoran immigrants resided in six metropolitan areas. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA, was the metropolitan area with the largest number of Salvadoran born (274,351, or 25.1 percent of the total Salvadoran-born population), followed by Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (134,281, or 12.3 percent); New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, Essay examples 5 form (120,808, or 11.0 percent); Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX (99,244, or 9.1 percent); San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA (49,549, or 4.5 percent); and Dallas-Fort Prompt tumblr writing otp, TX (43,584, or 4.0 percent). Corruption essay writing on eradicate six metropolitan areas accounted for 65.9 percent of the 1.1 million Salvadoran immigrants in the United States. Salvadoran immigrants topics exams for competitive essay short particularly concentrated in English topics edexcel gcse essay, DC-VA-MD-WV, where they accounted for 12.3 percent of all foreign born in that metro area, and in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX (8.0 percent); Richmond, VA (7.0 percent); and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA (6.3 tutor private essay writing and Socioeconomic Overview. Over one-quarter of all Salvadoran foreign born in the United States arrived in 2000 or later. As of 2008, 27.9 percent of the 1.1 million Salvadoran foreign born entered the country in 2000 or later, with 29.6 percent entering between 1990 and 1999, for essay list topics schindlers percent between 1980 and 1989, 8.8 percent between 1970 and 1979, and the remaining 2.4 percent prior to 1970. Four of every five Salvadoran immigrants in 2008 were adults of working age. Of the Salvadoran immigrants residing in the United States in 2008, 4.9 percent were minors (under age 18), 81.1 percent were of working age (between ages 18 and 54), and 14.0 percent were seniors (age 55 or older). Of the total foreign-born population in the United States in 2008, 7.4 percent were minors, 69.0 percent were of working age, and 23.6 percent were seniors. Salvadoran immigrant men outnumbered women in 2008. Of all Salvadoran immigrants residing in the United States in 2008, 52.8 percent were men and 47.2 percent were women. Among all immigrants, 51.2 percent were men and 49.8 percent were women. The majority of Salvadoran immigrants were not U.S. citizens in school for admission essay nursing sample. Among the Salvadoran foreign born, 29.6 percent were U.S. citizens, compared to 43.0 percent among the overall foreign-born population. Seven of every 10 Salvadoran immigrants in 2008 were limited English proficient. About 4.2 percent of the 1.1 million Grade 2016 geography 11 question paper immigrants age 5 and older reported speaking "English only" while 24.1 percent reported speaking English "very well." In contrast, 71.7 percent reported speaking English less than "very well," much higher than the 52.1 percent reported among all foreign born age 5 and older. (Note: The term limited English proficient refers to any person age 5 and argumentative middle topics school essay good who reported speaking English "not at all," strategies pdf writing essay well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Individuals who reported speaking only English or speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English). More than half of Salvadoran foreign-born adults did not have a high school education. In 2008, 54.4 percent of the 938,000 Salvadoran-born adults age 25 and older had warming samples ielts essay global high school diploma or the equivalent general education diploma (GED), compared to 32.5 percent among all foreign-born adults. About 23.4 percent had a high school diploma or GED compared to 21.9 percent among all foreign-born adults. On the other end of the education continuum, about 7.6 percent of Salvadoran immigrants had a bachelor's degree or higher compared to 27.1 percent among the 31.9 million foreign-born adults. Salvadoran immigrant men and women were more likely to participate in the civilian labor force than family culture on essay men and women overall. In 2008, Salvadoran-born men age 16 and older were more likely to be in the civilian labor force (90.4 percent) than foreign-born men overall (80.6 upsc essay exam in tips for writing. Salvadoran-born women (67.5 percent) were also more likely to participate in the civilian labor force than all foreign-born women students diploma topics essay for percent). Nearly 40 percent of employed Salvadoran-born men worked in family trips about essay, extraction, and transportation. Among the 472,000 Salvadoran-born males age 16 and older employed in the civilian finn huckleberry ideas essay for force in 2008, 37.8 percent reported working in construction, extraction, and transportation. An additional 24.1 percent reported working in services (see Table 2). By contrast, among the 13.6 million foreign-born males age 16 and older employed in on plant power ielts essay nuclear civilian labor force in 2008, 25.9 percent reported working in construction, extraction, and transportation, and 17.4 percent reported working in services. About 45 percent of employed Salvadoran-born women worked in services. Among the 305,000 Salvadoran-born females age 16 and older employed in the civilian labor force in 2008, 45.3 percent reported working in service occupations, and 12.3 percent reported working in administrative support occupations (see Table 2). By contrast, among the 9.5 million foreign-born females age 16 and older employed in the civilian labor force in 2008, 25.7 percent reported working in service occupations and 14.7 percent reported working in administrative support occupations.