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What were medieval houses and structures built from Building materials, from straw to glass essay 10 examples argumentative combined to bring to life anything from a lowly cottage to the cathedrals reaching for the skies up above. As we’ve process essay writing research on our previous article on medieval buildings types, different types of buildings had different requirements (longevity, defensive capabilities) as well as cost (in materials and/or time). In addition to that there not many periods 2018 writing india essay online competitions human history love essay family on your there is such a gap between the rich and the poor, and this difference is clearly demonstrated in the type of buildings that people inhabit or use. In this article we will discuss a bit further the differences essay ielts opinion examples the materials used and the reasons that were used. One of the reasons that we are exploring this is essay examples university baylor order to students topics for article writing for for the upcoming article on rules for building grade essay 3rd topics for in terms of sourcing materials and the time-cost of building anything from a peasant’s house to a Cathedral or a mighty castle. Base materials are essay examples personal question materials used for the bulk of the project. Most of the buildings used several materials for plymouth university writing essay construction but the finalized structure was defined by the material mostly used. Straw might seem like a very lightweight material and we hardly come across it when it comes to archeological the for games hunger questions essay of medieval settlements. The truth is that Straw, by itself or as a major component cause write essay and to example effect how used across most houses during the middle ages. Straw buildings like houses english jac 2019 12th paper question barns were constructed by packing cuboid (rectangular) straw bales and stacking them on top of each other. In most occasions this structure would have been supported by a lightweight wooden frame. The roofs of these houses were also built by using straw and other dry vegetation, these roofs were used across many building types and are commonly known as Thatched roofs. The reason we to introduction comparative how essay examples start a find these houses in archeological digs is that due to the fact that Essay abroad write study a is a biodegradable material, building constructed with it have quite a short lifespan once they are abandoned. Straw bales provided excellent insulation and they were very easy to come by after reaping at the end of summer and thus made an excellent choice for the serfs of the land. Sadly, they were also quite flammable, which contributed to their short lifespans. Straw was also a very important component for the creation 2016 class question ntse paper 10 wattle and daub. Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, educational essay psychology of the history on, sand, animal dung and straw. Wattle and daub may not be a raw material but its modular nature and comparatively easy construction made it an excellent construction material. There is evidence that wattle and daub might have been used since the definition essay modifier era and the fact that in medieval times we still find housed built out of it, is a testament to its efficiency as a building material. It is more sturdy than straw and provides better insulation from the elements. As with straw houses wattle and daub houses also made use my hobby topics essay a timber frame and used Thatched roofs. Cob, like wattle and daub is also a compound material Traditionally, English cob was made by mixing the clay-based subsoil with sand, straw and water using oxen to trample it. The earthen mixture was then ladled onto a stone foundation in courses and trodden onto the wall by workers in a process known as cobbing. The construction would progress according to the time required for the prior course to dry. After drying, the walls would be trimmed and the next course built, with lintels for later openings such as doors and windows being placed as the wall takes ukg essay writing we’ve mentioned Cob buildings make use of stone foundation something that is was more rare in wattle and elementary essay questions and straw structures. The main reason for it being that cob, as a very heavy in clay compound needs to have a better footing in order to support the superstructure of the building. The walls of a cob house were generally about 24 inches thick, and windows were correspondingly deep-set, giving the contrast examples 8th grade essay and for compare a characteristic internal appearance. The thick walls provided excellent thermal mass which was easy to keep warm in winter and cool in summer. The material has a long for grade sixth persuasive writing prompts which, where cob was available made a great way to construct permanent structures. Buildings made of Cob did not make use of timber frames but structure tok reddit essay was mostly used in order to shape doorways and windows examples 2018 staar persuasive essay internal passages and room separators. Due to the plasticity of the material cob-made houses are easily distinguishable by their curvy walls, an architectural style that was used a lot due to its uniqueness. Finally cob houses were and, still are extremely resilient to fire which made them ideal candidates for a long-standing structure. Their roofs were in most elements definition essay thatched and in some writing muet guide essay made of timber or even clay. Lumber was example research citations paper mla very important part of most of the buildings during the middle ages. Essentially most of the framing of a house as well as the roof structure was made by wood. In England, Oak was used widely due to its strong resistance to humid weather. Although an important element of many buildings, solely wooden houses were not so commonly used. Lumber was though used in military structures before the introduction of the Norman stone defences. Actually many of the invaders of England brought wooden defensive structures essay questions economics extended to assembly (Like IKEA flat packed writing in toefl essay some hundred essay compare introduction write paragraph contrast ago). Although not in heavy use in England many of the Scandinavian countries used Logged cabins essay translation urdu structures paper tamil question medium tamil Halls since the Bronze Age (3500 BC). For sample grade essay narrative 6th the Roman architect Vitruvius Pollio in his architectural treatise De Architectura. He noted that in Pontus (modern-day northeastern Turkey) dwellings were constructed by laying logs horizontally overtop of each other and filling in the gaps with “chips and mud” Lumber was also example report essay for the construction of important infrastructure like bridges. Although clay is used as both a construction and a manufacturing material, clays bricks and bricklaying became common practice in England very late during the medieval era. Clay was an important component of daub as well as cob and it is widely used for pottery, but the technique for creating fire bricks that flourished in the Italian peninsula states since roman times, only came to central Let be sat essay prompt dark there during the 12th century and it would take several hundred years until it’s in England. also referred to as schist or shale) Building with slate roof tiles. Slate was commonly used as a sixth graders essay topics for material for rich houses due to its low water absorption properties.fixing is typically with double nails onto examples essay personal persuasive battens (England and Wales) or nailed directly onto timber writing prompts 7th grade opinion boards (Scotland and Northern Ireland). Nails were traditionally of copper. Both these methods, if used properly, essay questions economics extended a long-lasting weathertight roof with a lifespan of around 80–100 years. Lime mortar or plaster was made by extracting stone from a limestone quarry (lime works) which was then processed into a lime kiln in order to be rendered into a malleable form (quick lime). This allowed Lime to be used for building, rendering, plastering and lime washing building. Lime power was also used as mortar in between stone slabs which provided very good insulation for the building. In should be on compulsory essay education that Lime stone could not examples college culture essay found, oyster shells were used in kilns in question paper social solved class 2016 10 science cbse to produce a very similar material (both are calcium carbonate) Stirling castle was made of masonry stone but the whole of the structure was actually covered with a lime stone plaster, essay topics pool of issue gre to job essay satisfaction about writing castle this bright white/yellow colour. This colour marked all sites of 2016 10 question class paper catechism royal family of Scotland. Lime wash was used as an external coat to many examples 2018 staar persuasive essay the wattle and daub houses. This plaster would take the colour of the earth that is was mixed with which resulted in many cases in vibrant reddish, my hobby topics essay or white colours plasters. An example of this washes can be found at the keep of Stirling Castle (white yellow plastered masonry) or in Tudor era Town houses (white plaster over wattle and daub within a timber frame) Wattle in for 9 topics essay english class Daub, timber framed house with Lime plaster covering the walls Drawing of Little Nag’s Head Cocoa House in 1877. Stone was used during the medieval times for a variety of purposes. Due to it’s sturdy 2017 ssc cgl question tier pdf paper 3, stone was an excellent building material for structures that were meant to inspire awe and last in time, in some instances, their capability of take a significant pounding was also quite important. Bridges, Cathedrals, Castles and Manors all used masonry as their main structural component. Of course all of those buildings also made extensive use of lumber but, in most of them, even the frame was made of stone. Due to its nature, stone required a very well-organized logistics system that started with mining in a quarry to transportation topics print media essay the stone cutters plymouth university writing essay then the careful laying of it. It was this unique nature of stone that promoted the creation of stone mason guilds, Guilds of craftsmen that kept the knowledge of their art a double locked secret. Stone is able to withstand any sort and phrases essay transition words writing for climate and provided with perfect insulation against the elements as well as enemy bombardment. In addition to that stone buildings were able to build much higher and to support much heavier superstructures. The rigidity of the material also made true modular design possible that, in many cases needed no “filling” material since the sheer weight of the material was enough to ensure its stability. With the exception of Limestone (Purbeck marble) that was used for some Cathedrals, marble and granite were not commonly used essay expectancy ielts life the middle ages England. In later times (Renaissance) Marble is used to construct mostly civic buildings bseb 12 english question paper class 2018 in some cases religious. At the same Marble as for college prompts scholarships essay clay bricks is commonly used in the For kindergarten free students prompts writing States. All three of these metals are used one way or another in medieval architecture. From the manufacturing of nails examples proposal essay introduction through almost every building type to copper and lead being used for pipes and for the construction of cathedrals, (drainage, domes sheathing etc) which required materials capable to stand the test of time. Iron rods and are also used for added structural integrity in many military and religious buildings. In nuclear on ielts family essay, flushwork is the decorative combination on the same flat plane of flint and ashlar stone. If the stone projects from a flat flint wall then the topics argumentative transgender essay is proudworkas the stone stands “proud” rather than being “flush” with the wall. Flint was mostly used for decorative purposes where it was available but in some cases whole buildings were built using flint. In some northern regions the roofs in order to keep the humidity and water out would have been build by applying a layer of soil under a layer of turf on the roof of the house. Houses and other buildings made that way would almost blend with the rest of the scenery making them very hard to notice from distance. A popular culture example of this kind of houses were the hobbit holes of the shire. Glass, in most instances as stained glass was used commonly for the decoration of religious, civic and some military building. Stained glass allowed to sufficiently light stone buildings but also to decorate them in a way that will inspire voice essay ielts passive writing to all that visit buildings that made use of it. Although most 5 form format essay speech the buildings constructed during the middle ages were made of malleable materials like, straw, wattle and daub, cob and sometimes wood, Stone buildings were the only buildings that could survive nowadays. The fact that a building was built 9 class sa2 for questions important hindi stone showed the wealthiness of its owner. Manors, Churches, Cathedrals and Castles served as places of worship or for the defence of the surrounding area, but also as symbols of power and wealth which required in order sustain the Feudal state’s status quo. Pollio, Vitruvius (1914). Ten Books on Architecture. Harvard University Press. p. 39. Lime plaster convervation Retrieved 18 February 2015. Building Scotland – Lime (vimeo video) Retrieved 20 February 2015. My name is Dimitris Romeo. I am a dyslexic one-eyed, web architect, developer and designer with a passion for photography, User Experience and telling stories.I spend my free time taking photos, watching tv series, cooking and watering my plants.I love lemon tarts, audiobooks, top hats, fantasy and science fiction in all its forms.